The essence and content of the project, the available groundwork. The analysis of the technical means installed on the vessels providing the possibility of obtaining the observable coordinates of the ship’s position allows us to conclude that the only backup (independent of the presence of a radio signal and power supply) is the astronomical way of determining the observable coordinates of the ship’s position when navigating on the high seas.
The improvement of the procedure of obtaining the astronomical observable position of the vessel is associated with the improvement of the instrument intended for measuring the observable navigation parameter-the height of the luminary-the navigation sextant. Any action to improve the design of sextant stopped in the 70-80s of the last century, and this device does not meet the state of the art and scientific achievements. (more…)